Indian Forest Service Examination – IFS Exam 2018 Syllabus for Botany

Indian Forest Service Examination – IFS Exam 2018 Syllabus for Botany

Paper – I

  1. Microbiology and Plant Pathology : Viruses, bacteria, and plasmids-structure and reproduction. General account of infection, Phytoimmunology. Applications of microbiology in agriculture, industry, medicine and pollution control in air, soil and water. Important plant diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and nematodes. Mode of infection and dissemination. Molecular basis of infection and disease resistance / defence. Physiology of parasitism and control measures. Fungal toxins.
  2. Cryptogams : Algae, Fungi, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes-structure and reproduction from evolutonary viewpoint. Distribution of Cryptogams in India and their economic potential.
  3. Phanerogams : Gymnosperms : Concept of Progymonosperms. Classification and distribution of Gymnosperms. Salient features of Cycadales, Coniferrals and Gnetales, their structures and reproduction. General account of Cycadofilicales, Bennettitales and Cordaitales.
  4. Angiosperms : Systematics, anatomy, embryology, palynology and phylogeny.Comparative account of various systems of Angiosperm Classification. Study of angiospermic families–Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae ( Cruci-ferae ), Rosaceae, Leguminosae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceaie, Dipterocar-paceae, Apiaceae ( Umbelliferae ), Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae, Solana-ceae, Rubiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Asteraceae ( Composite ), Poaceae ( Gramineae ), Arecaceae ( Palmae ), Liliaceae, Musaceae, Orchidaceae.Stomata and their types. Anomalous secondary growth, Anatomy of C 3 and C 4 plants. Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination, fertilization. Endosperm–its development and function. Patterns of embryo development. Polyembryony, apoxmix, Applications of palynology.
  5. Plant Utility and Exploitation : Origin of cultivated plants, Vavilov’s centres of origin. Plants as sources for food, fodder, fibres, spices, beverages, drugs, narcotics, insecticides, timber, gums, resins and dyes. Latex, cellulose Starch and their products. Perfumery. Importance of Ethnobotany in Indian context. Energy plantation. Botanical Gardens and Herbaria.
  6. Morphogenesis : Totipotency, polarity, symmetry and differentiation. Cell, tissue, organ and protoplast culture. Somatic hybrids and Cybrids.

Paper – II

    1. Cell Biology : Techniques of Cell Biology. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells – structural and ultrastructural details. Structure and function of extra cellular matrix or ECM ( cell wall ) and membranes-cell adhesion, membrane transport and vesicular transport. Structure and function of cell organelles ( chloroplasts, mitochondria, ER, ribosomes, endosomes, lysosomes, peroxisomes, hydrogenosome ). Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pore complex. Chromatin and nucleosome. Cell signalling and cell receptors. Signal transduction ( G-1 proteins, etc. ). Mitosis and meisdosis; molecular basis of cell cycle. Numerical and structural variations in chromosomes and their significance. Study of polytene, lampbrush and B-chromosomes–structure, behaviour and significance.
    2. Genetics, Molecular Biology and Evolution : Development of genetics, and gene versus allele concepts ( Pseudoalleles ). Quantitative genetics and multiple factors. Linkage and crossing over–methods of gene mapping including molecular maps ( idea of mapping function ). Sex chromosomes and sex linked inheritance, sex determination and molecular basis of sex differentiation. Mutation ( biochemical and molecular basis ). Cytoplasmic inheritance and cytoplasmic genes ( including genetics of male sterility ). Prions and prion hypothesis.Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and protines. Genetic code and regulation of gene expression. Multigene families.Organic evolution-evidences, mechanism and theories. Role of RNA in origin and evolution.
    3. Plant Breeding, Biotechnology and Biostatistics : Methods of plant breeding – introduction, selection and hybridization ( pedigree, backcross, mass selection, bulk method ). Male sterility and heterosis breeding. Use of apomixis in plant breeding. Micropropagation and genetic engineering – methods of transfer of genes and transgenic crops; development and use of molecular markers in plant breeding.Standard deviation and coefficient of variation ( CV ). Tests of significance ( Z-test, t-test and chi-square tests ). Probability and distributions ( normal, binomial and Poisson distributions ). Correlation and regression.
    4. Physiology and Biochemistry : Water relations, Mineral nutrition and ion transport, mineral deficiencies. Photosynthesis–photochemical reactions, photophosphorylation and carbon pathways including C pathway ( photorespiration ), C, C and CAM pathways. Respiraion (anaerobic and aerobic, including fermentation-electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation. Chemiosmotic theory and ATP synthesis. Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism. Enzymes, coenzymes, energy transfer and energy conservation. Importance of secondary metabolites.Pigments as photoreceptors ( plastidial pigments and phytochrome ). Photoperiodism and flowering, vernalization, senescence. Growth substances-their chemical nature, role and applications in agri-horticulture, growth indices, growth movements. Stress physiology ( heat, water, salinity, metal ). Fruit and seed physiology. Dormancy, storage and germination of seed. Fruit ripening — its molecular basis and manipulation.
    5. Ecology and Plant Geography : Ecological factors. Concepts and dynamics of community. Plant succession. Concepts of biosphere. Ecosystems and their conservation. Pollution and its control ( including phytoremediation ).Forest types of India – afforestation, deforestation and social forestry. Endangered plants, endemism and Red Data Books. Biodiversity. Convention of Biological Diversity, Sovereign Rights and Intellectual Property Rights. Biogeochemical cyeles. Global warming.

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Indian Forest Service Examination – IFS Exam 2018 Syllabus for Botany


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32 Responses to “Indian Forest Service Examination – IFS Exam 2018 Syllabus for Botany”

  1. karthik February 17, 2012 at 10:58 am # Reply

    respected sir,
    i want preliminary and main(botany) syllabus for Indian forest service exam. moreover i need suggested books names for botany and preliminary

  2. Manu Kandpal February 22, 2012 at 11:37 am # Reply

    suggest books for ifs botany and zoology

  3. mackha March 4, 2012 at 11:08 am # Reply

    Sir , suggest books for IFS Zoology and Botany

  4. parvathi k March 11, 2012 at 1:23 pm # Reply

    i want top know the books to be selected for the exam

  5. vanidas March 11, 2012 at 9:17 pm # Reply

    sir..iam vanidas i want to write the INDIAN FOREST SERVICE examination in Tamil?

  6. shanthi March 16, 2012 at 12:46 pm # Reply

    i shanthi, completed graduation with microbiology, am i eligible to write upsc ifs exam?

  7. Gayathry March 22, 2012 at 2:16 pm # Reply

    Respected Sir/Madam,
    I’m doing my Bachelor’s degree course in Microbiology. Am I eligible to write the IFS exam?

  8. SABZAR AHMAD March 29, 2012 at 1:29 pm # Reply


  9. SABZAR AHMAD March 29, 2012 at 1:31 pm # Reply


  10. Sonali Wagh April 4, 2012 at 8:49 pm # Reply

    Respected sir/Mam,

    I have done Graduation in Microbiology and Masters in Virology,please let me know if I’m eligible to apply for IFS-2012 examination,with Botony as main Subject as syllabus includes microbiology and I Have studied Botony,Zoology and Chemistry during Graduation from University of Pune.

    waiting for your early and positive reply.

  11. megha April 7, 2012 at 10:22 pm # Reply

    plz tell about how many attemts i can attend ifs exam
    tell suggested botany books

  12. Krishna April 21, 2012 at 11:58 pm # Reply

    Respected sir,
    I’m preparing for IFS, and i selected Zoology and Botany subjects. So plz suggest me the, books list…..

  13. md shabbir alam April 29, 2012 at 4:25 pm # Reply

    how to prepare pt exam ifs 2012 so please suggest me

  14. jainam shah May 7, 2012 at 10:22 am # Reply

    for upsc exam

  15. kawal May 7, 2012 at 9:31 pm # Reply

    sir, i want previous ifs question papers

  16. shafivulla May 9, 2012 at 6:21 pm # Reply

    Gayathry :Respected Sir/Madam,
    I’m doing my Bachelor’s degree course in Microbiology. Am I eligible to write the IFS exam?

    Iam doing my Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture,so pls suggest which books are prepare for IFS,,and also which author bokks are prepare for Botony&Agriculture,,Thank you sir.

  17. sakthi May 27, 2012 at 11:45 am # Reply

    sir..iam studying 3rd year …….wat are the subjects easy for me to prepare ifs optional papers

  18. priyanka May 28, 2012 at 6:25 am # Reply

    i hav done degree in microbiolgy,genetics and chemistry….since chemistry is one subject i hav applied for ifs…i im i eligible as per ur eligibility criteria?????please do reply

  19. Dipankar Gorai June 28, 2012 at 8:11 pm # Reply

    I have a bachelor degree in Microbiology(H) with two pass subjects that are Chemistry and Zoology. Am I eligible to sit for the Indian Forest Service exam?

  20. poojs June 30, 2012 at 11:21 am # Reply

    pls tel me the pattern of IFS it objective or subjective …

  21. Arun kasaudhan July 14, 2012 at 8:34 pm # Reply

    Sir plz tell me some books which is important for the prepration.Botany and Zoology

  22. santosh singh September 23, 2012 at 1:51 am # Reply

    Hello sir, I’ve done Bsc biotechnology. Am i eligible for the IFS exam?

  23. Ayisha November 20, 2012 at 7:33 am # Reply

    Sir, i am ayisha… i would like to write IFS by taking agriculture and botany as combined subjects. Now i am studying 3rd year BSc Agriculture.may i know the rank wise postings and about the exam? What are all the jobs we get after clearing IFS?

  24. shree October 13, 2015 at 5:11 pm # Reply

    Respected Sir/Madam ,
    I had completed Bachelor’s in Electronics and communication Engineering . I am eligible for IFS exam ?
    I want to opt for Botany and Zoology subjects as optionals , am i allowed to do that ?

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