Indian Forest Service Examination – IFS Exam 2015 Syllabus for Zoology
Paper – 1
Section – A
1. Non-chordata and chordata :
1. Classfication and relationship of various phyla upto sub-classes; Acoelomata and Coelomata; Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateralia and Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry.
2. Protozoa : Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction; evolution of sex; General features and life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium, and Leishmania.
3. Porifera : Skeleton, canal system and reproduction.
4. Coelenterata : Polymorphism, defensive structures and their mechanism; coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis; general features and life history of Obelia and Aurelia.
5. Platyhelminthes : Parasitic adaptation; general features and life history of Fasciola and Taenia and their relation to man.
6. Nemathelminthes : General features, life history and parasitic adaptation of Ascaris; nemathelminths in relation to man.
7. Annelida : Coelom and metamerism; modes of life in polychaetes; general features and life history of nereis ( Neanthes ), earthworm ( Pheretima ) and leach ( Hirudinaria ).
8. Arthropoda : Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea; vision and respiration in arthropods ( prawn, cockroach and scorpion ); modification of mouth parts in insects ( cockroach, mosquito, housefly, honey bee and butterfly ); metamorphosis in insects and its hormonal regulation; social organization in insects ( termites and honey bees ).
9. Mollusca : Feeding, respiration, locomotion, shell diversiy; general features and life history of Lamellidens, Pila and Sepia, torsion and detorsion in gastropods.
10. Echinodermata : Feeding, respiration, locomotion larval forms; general features and life history of Asterias.
11. Protochordata : Origin of chordates; general features and life history of Branchiostoma and Herdamania.
12. Pisces : Scales, respiration, locomotion, migration.
13. Amphibia : Origin of tetrapods; parental care, paedomorphosis.
14. Reptilia : Origin of reptiles; skull types; status of Sphenodon and crocidiles.
15. Aves : Origin of birds; flight adaptation, migration.
16. Mammalia :
Origin of mammals; denitition; general features of egg-laying mammals, pouched-mammals, aquatic mammals and primates; endocrine glands and other hormone producing structures ( pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads ) and their interrelationships.
17. Comparative functional anatomy of various systems of vertebrates ( integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton, locomotory organs, digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory system including heart and aortic arches; urino-genital system, brain and sense organs ( eye and ear ).
Section – B
1. Ecology :
1. Biosphere : Biogeochemical cycles, green-houses effect, ozone layer and its impact; ecological succession, biomes and ecotones.
2. Population, characteristics, population dynamics, population stabilization.
3. Conservation of natural resources- mineral mining, fisheries, aquaculture; forestry; grassland; wildlife ( Project Tiger ); susainable production in agriculture-integrated pest management.
4. Environmental biodegradation; pollution and its impact on biosphere and its prevention.
II. Ethology :
1. Behaviour : Sensory filtering, responsiveness, sign stimuli, learning, instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.
2. Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm spreading; crypsis, predator detection, predator tactics, social behaviour in insects and primates; courtship ( Drosophila, 3-spine stickleback and birds ).
3. Orientation, navigation, homing; biological rhythms; biological clock, tidal, seasonal and circadian rhythms.
4. Methods of studying animal behaviour.
III. Economic Zoology :
1. Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture, prawn culture.
2. Major infectious and communicable diseases ( small pox, plague, malaria, tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS ) their vectors, pathogens and prevention.
3. Cattle and livestock diseases, their pathogens ( helminths ) and vectors ( ticks, mites,Tabanus, Stomoxys )
4. Pests of sugar cane ( Pyrilla perpusiella ), oil seed ( Achaea janata ) and rice ( Sitophilus oryzae ).
IV. Biostatistics :
Designing of experiments; null hypothesis; correlation, regression, distribution and measure of central tendency, chi square, student t-test, F-test ( one-way & two-way F-test ).
V. Instrumental methods :
1. Spectrophotometry, flame photometry, Geiger-Muller counter, scintiliation counting.
2. Electron microscopy ( TEM, SEM ).
Paper – II
Section – A
I. Cell Biology :
- Structure and function of cell and its organelles ( nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes and Iysosomes ), cell division ( mitosis and meiosis ), mitotic spindle and mitotic apparatus, chromosome movement.
- Watson-Crick model of DNA, replication of DNA, protein synthesis, transcription and transcription factors.
- Gene structure and functions; genetic code.
- Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Drosophilla, nematodes and man.
- Mendel’s laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, linkage-maps, multiple alleles, cistron concept; genetics of blood groups.
- Mutations and mutagenesis : radiation and chemical.
- Cloning technology, plasmids and cosmids as vectors, transgenics, transposons, DNA sequence cloning and whole animal cloning ( Principles and methodology ).
- Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eu-karyotes.
- Signal transduction; pedigree-analysis; congenital diseases in man.
- Human genome mapping; DNA finger-printing.
- Origin of life.
- *Natural selection, role of mutation in evolution, mimicry, variation, isolation, speciation.
- Fossils and fossilization; evolution of horse, elephant and man.
- Hardy-Weinberg Law, causes of change in gene frequency.
- Continental drift and distribution of animals.
Zoological nomenclature; international code; cladistics.
Section – B
- Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, lipids, proteins, aminoacids, nucleic acids; saturated and unsaturated fattyacids, cholesterol.
- Glycolysis and Krebs cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative phosphorylation; energy conservation and release, ATP, cyclic AMP-its structure and role.
- Hormone classification ( steroid and peptide hormones ), biosynthesis and function.
- Enzymes : Types and mechanisms of action; immunoglobulin and immunity; vitamins and co-enzymes.
II Physiology ( with special reference of mammals )
- Composition and constitutents of blood; blood groups and Rh factor in man; coagulation, factors and mechanism of coagulation; acid-base balance, thermo regulation.
- Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport; haemoglobin : constitutents and role in regulation.
- Nutritive requirements; role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas and intestinal glands in digestion and absorption.
- Excretory products; nephron and regulation of urine formation; osmoregulation.
- Types of muscles, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles.
- Neuron, nerve impulse-its conduction and synaptic transmission; neurotransmitters.
- Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.
- Mechanism of hormone action.
- Physiology of reproduction, role of hormones and phermones.
III. Developmental Biology
- Differentiation from gamete to neurula stage; dedifferentiation; metaplasia, induction, morphogenesis and morphogen; fate maps of gastrulae in frog and chick; organogenesis of eye and heart, placenation in mammals.
- Role of cytoplasm in and genetic control of development; cell lineage; causation of metamorphosis in frog and insects; paedogenesia and neoteny; growth, degrowth and cell death; ageing; blastogenesis; regeneration; teratogenesis; neoplasia.
- Invasiveness of placenta; in vitro fertilization; embryo transfer, cloning.
- Baer’s law; evo-devo concept.