Combined Defence Services Examination I – UPSC CDS Exam I 2018 Physical Standards
Guidelines with regard to Physical Standards for Candidates for UPSC Combined Defence Services I Examination.
Note I : Candidates must be physically fit according to the prescribed physical standards. The standards of medical fitness and the Guidelines for the same are given below.
A number of qualified candidates are rejected subsequently on medical grounds. Candidates are therefore advised in their own interest to get themselves medically examined before submitting their UPSC Combined Defence Services I applications to avoid disappointment at the final stage.
Note II : Permanent body tattoos are only Permitted on inner face of forearm i.e. from inside of elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of palm / back ( dorsal ) side of hand. Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are not acceptable and candidates will be barred from further selection. Tribes with tattoo marks on the face or body as per their existing custom and traditions will be permitted on a case to case basis.
A candidate recommended by the Services Selection Board will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Women candidates will undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising Male / Female Doctors / Specialists / Gynaecologist. There will be a lady Medical Officer as member of Board. Only those candidates will be admitted to the Academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board.
However, the candidates declared unfit will be intimated by the President of the Medical Board and procedure for request for an Appeal Medical Board ( AMB ) will also be intimated to the candidate.
Candidates who are unfit may apply for Appeal Medical Board ( AMB ) to be completed within 42 days of SMB and may request for Review Medical Board ( RMB ) within one day of completion of Appeal Medical Board.
Candidates declared unfit by AMB will be intimated by the President AMB about procedure of challenging the findings of AMB. The candidates will also be intimated that holding Review Medical Board ( RMB ) will be granted at the discretion of DGAFMS based on the merit of the case and that RMB is not a matter of right.
The candidate should address the request for RMB if he / she so desires to ADG Rtg. ( CDSE ) Army Hq., West Block – III, R.K. Puram, New Delhi – 110 066 and DMS ( MB ) / DGMS ( Air ), Air HQ, R.K Puram in case of AF candidates and a copy of the same is handed over to the President of AMB. The O/o the DGAFMS will inform the date and place ( Delhi and Pune only ) where the candidate will appear for RMB.
The candidate must be physically fit according to the prescribed physical standards which are summarized below :
a. The candidate must be in good physical and mental health and free from any disease / disability which is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of duties.
b. There should be no evidence of weak constitution, bodily defects or over weight.
c. The minimum acceptable height for Male candidate is 157.5 cms. ( 157 cms for Navy and 162.5 cms for Air Force ). For women candidates minimum acceptable height is 152 cms. For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North Eastern region of India, Garhwali and Kumaon, the minimum acceptable height will be 5 cms less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep, the minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cms.
These concessions are not applicable for Navy and Air Force. Height and weight standards are given below for Army and Navy only.
Interpolation for weights against height not mentioned may be done.
|Height in Centimetres ( Without shoes )|
|18 Years||20 Years||22 Years|
45 for Navy @ 47 for Navy A ± 10% ( for Navy ) departure from the average weight given in the table above is to be considered within normal limit. However, in individuals with heavy bones and broad built as well as individuals with thin built but otherwise healthy this may be relaxed to some extent on merit.
Height in Centimetres ( Without shoes ) 20 Years 25 Years 30 Years
148 39 41 43
150 40 42 43.5
153 42 43.5 45
155 43 44 46
158 45 46 48
160 46 47 49
163 47 49 51
165 49 51 53
168 50 52 54
The acceptable weight for Air Force candidates will be ± 10% of the average weight given above.
(d) In your own interest you are advised to undergo a preliminary medical check up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, fungal infection of skin etc. before reporting for the SSB interview.
(e) All candidates who are selected will be undergoing tough military training and will be deployed to perform military duties in any terrain, weather and austere conditions. In such conditions ill health of any member of the team can jeopardize the military operations or endanger life of the entire team, therefore medical examinations are carried to select candidates who are “Medically fit to perform military duties in any terrain, weather and austere conditions” candidate should be :
- Medically capable of undergoing training and withstand physical and mental demands of performing Military duties of Armed Forces.
- Medically fit to adapt to the military environment without the necessity of geographical area limitations and capable of performing military tasks without access to specialized medical care.
- Free of medical conditions or physical defects that would entail excessive loss of time from duty for treatment and hospitalization.
- Free of contagious diseases that might endanger the health of other personnel.
(f) All candidates will be examined by Board of Medical Officers who have undergone basic military training and are well oriented to working conditions of military deployment and working conditions. Medical Boards are held at designated Military Hospitals based on the principles described above and latest knowledge in the medical and military sciences. The entire body is examined thoroughly to the extent feasible to screen out common congenital deformities and other easily detectable disabilities. The medical examination is not intended to be diagnostic in nature, hence only limited investigations are carried out for the purpose of screening wherever indicated. The standards for 29 medical fitness indicated herein are only an outline, and are intended only for general guidance of candidates. The Board of Medical Officers refers to the more comprehensive Medical Standards for recruitment / Commission into the Armed forces as Applicable.
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(g) The following investigations are carried out mandatorily during Special Medical Board, however, Medical Officer / Medical Board examining a candidate may ask for any other investigation as required or indicated :-
- Complete Haemogram
- Urine RE/ME
- X Ray chest PA view
- USG abdomen & pelvis
(h) The following are usual of causes for rejection, the list is not exhaustive and Medical Board is the final authority on fitness.
Sinus, fistulae and hernia, cyst, hyper / hypo pigmented patches, swelling, naevus, vascular malformations scars anywhere on the body.
- Head and neck : Muscolo-skeletal deformities which can interfere in using safety gear, cervical rib.
- Chest : Musculoskeletal deformities viz pectus excavatum, pigeon chest, rickety rosary, pleural effusion, parenchymal lesions of lungs, active or residual lesions of tuberculosis.
- Abdomen and reproductive system : Hernia, organomegaly, vascular deformities. Renal deformities, gall stones, renal tones etc. Deformities of reproductive system.
- Upper limbs, lower limbs and spine : Hyper flexible or restricted movements of joints, Cubitus valgus, Cubitus varus, genu recurvatum, deformities of hands and feet, kyphosis, scoliosis, congenital deformities, like spina bifida etc.
- Skin : Vitiligo, scars, vascular malformations chronic skin diseases.
Eyes and Vision standards
Should have :-
- Objective Convergence. It should be ≤ 10 cm.
- Accommodation. It should be ≤ 12 cm
- Binocular Single Vision ( BSV ). It should be at least gradeIII
- Visual Fields. Should be complete.
|Vision||Uncorrected VA 6 / 60 & 6 / 60|
|BCVA 6/6 & 6/6
Myopia ≤ -3.50 D Sph including
astigmatism, Hypermetropia ≤ +3.50 D Sph
The following ocular diseases will make an candidate unfit :
- Corneal Opacity.
- Lenticular opacity.
- Night blindness.
- Retinal lesions.
- Naso-Lacrimal occlusion.
Vision Correction : Radial Keratotomy is not acceptable. Laser Surgery for correction of visual defects should not have been done earlier than 20 years of age on the date of operation, and also within one year period of reporting for medical examination.
Ears and Hearing standards
Causes for rejection :
- Auricle and Mastoide Region. The pinna will be assessed for gross deformity which will hamper wearing of uniform / personal kit / protective equipment, or which adversely impacts military bearing.
- External Auditory Meatus. Presence of wax, foreign body, exostosis, growth, otomycosis or discharge.
- Tympanic Membrane. Perforations, scars, tympanosclerotic plaques or retraction of membrane. And immobile or partially mobile tympanic membrane.
Hearing Stds. Candidate should be able to hear forced whispering and conversational voice from 610 cms in each ear separately standing with his back to examiner.
Medical Examination of Female Candidates
General methods and principles of medical examination of female candidates will be the same as for male candidates. However, special points pertaining to medical examination of female candidates are given in succeeding paragraphs. A detailed menstrual and gynecological history in the form of a questionnaire is to be obtained from the candidate. A detailed physical and systemic examination 31will be carried out of the candidate and she should be examined by a lady Medical Officer or a lady Gynecologist only.
The examination will include the following inspections :
- External genitalia.
- Hernial orifices and the perineum.
- Any evidence of stress urinary incontinence or genital prolapse outside introitus
Ultrasound scan of the lower abdomen and pelvis is mandatory in all female candidates during the initial medical examination.
- Any abnormality of external genitalia will be considered on merits of each case. Significant hirsutism, especially with male pattern of hair growth along with radiological evidence of PCOS will be a cause for rejection.
- Following conditions will entail female candidates being declared unfit.
- Primary or secondary amenorrhoea
- Severe Menorrhagia or / and severe dysmenorrhoea
- Stress urinary incontinence
- Congenital elongation of cervix or prolapsed which comes outside the introitus even after corrective surgery.
- Complex ovarian cyst of any size.
- Simple Ovarian cyst more than 06 cm.
- Endometriosis and Adenomyosis.
- Submucous fibroid of any size.
- Broad ligament or cervical fibroid of any size causing pressure over ureter.
- Single fibroid uterus >3 cm in diameter or Fibroids >2 in number, >15 mm in diameter or fibroids causing distortion of endometrial cavity.
- Congenital uterine anomalies except arcuateuterus
- Acute or chronic pelvic infection
- Disorders of sexual differentiation
- Any other condition will be considered on merits of each case by the gynaecologist
Pregnancy would be a cause of temporary rejection. The individual would be advised to report again to the hospital 24 weeks after an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. In case of an MTP / abortion the review will be carried out after a period of minimum four weeks and upto 12 weeks. However, in case of caesarean section delivery, the candidate would remain unfit for a period of 52 weeks. The individual would then be examined by the 32 Gynecologist and assessed regarding her fitness. In cases wherein, a time period of more than six months has elapsed, post her initial medical examination, she would be subjected to repeat complete medical examination as per the existing regulations.
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In addition to the above, the following medical standards will be applicable in respect of Air Force candidates only :
Anthropometric measurements acceptable for Air Force are as follows :
|Leg Length||Min. 99 cms. & Max. 120 cms|
|Thigh Length||Max. 64 cms|
|Sitting Height||Min. 81.5 cms. & Max 96 cms|
X-Ray of Chest is compulsory.
Visual Standards for Air Force
Candidates who habitually wear spectacles are not eligible for Air Force. Minimum distant vision 6 / 6 in one eye and 6 / 9 in other, correctable to 6 / 6 only for
Hypermetropia. Colour vision CP-1
Hypermetropia : +2.0 D Sph
Manifest Myopia : Nil
Retinoscopic Myopia : -0.5 in any meridian permitted
Astigmatism : +0.75 D Cyl ( with +2.0 D-Max )
Maddox Rod Test
(i) at 6 meters – Exo -6 prism D Eso -6 prism D Hyper -1 prism D Hypo -1 prism D
(ii) at 33 cms – Exo -16 prism D Eso -6 prism D Hyper -1 prism D Hypo -1 prism D
Hand held Stereoscope – All of BSV grades
Convergence – Up to 10 cm.
- Refractive Surgery : Candidates who have undergone PRK ( Photo Refractive Keratotomy / Lasik ( LASER in Situ Keratomileusis ) may be considered fit for commissioning in the Air Force in all branches.
- Post PRK / LASIK candidates must meet the visual requirements required for the branch as laid down in para 220.127.116.11.
- The following criteria must be satisfied prior to selecting postPRK / LASIK at the time of Air Force Medical Examination :-
- PRK / LASIK surgery should not have been carried out before the age of 20 years.
- The axial length of the eye should not be more than 25.5 mm as measured by IOL master.
- At least 12 months should have elapsed post uncomplicated stable PRK / LASIK with no history or evidence of any complication.
- The post PRK / LASIK corneal thickness as measured by a corneal pachymeter should not be less than 450 microns.
- Individual with high refractive errors ( >6D ) prior to PRK / LASIK are to be excluded.
- Radial keratotomy ( RK ) and Photo Refractive Keratotomy ( PRK ) surgery for correction of refractive errors is not permitted for any Air Force duties. Candidates having undergone cataract surgery with or without IOL implants will also be declared unfit.
Binocular Vision—Must possess good binocular vision ( fusion and stereopsis with good amplitude and depth ).
Candidates who have undergone LASIK surgery are not considered fit for permanent commission in flying branch in IAF.
- Speech test : Whispered hearing 610 cms. each ear.
- Audiometric Test : Audiometric loss should not exceed +20 db in frequencies between 250 Hz and 8000 Hz.
Routine ECG should be within normal limits
The following conditions detected on X-ray examination will be disqualifying for entry to Army and Navy :
- Granulomatous disease of spine.
- Arthritis / Spondylosis
- Scoliosis more than 10º degree as measured by Cobb’s Method.
- More than mild Kyphosis / Lordosis.
- Spondylolisthesis / Spondylosis.
- Herniated nucleus pulposes.
- Compression fracture of Vertebra.
- Sacralisation Disease.
- Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
- Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
- Atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
- Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral.
- Spinabifida other than SV 1 and LV 5.
- Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist.
Spinal Conditions for Air Force
Past medical history of diseases or injury of the spine or sacriliac joints, either with or without objective signs which have prevented the candidate from successfully following a physically active life, is a case for rejection for commissioning in IAF. History of spinal fracture / prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment for these conditions will entail rejection. The following conditions detected during medical exam will disqualify a candidate for Air Force service.
- Granulomatous disease of spine
- Arthritis / Spondylosis
- Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis and degenerative joint diseases
- Non articular rheumatism ( e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc. ) 34
- Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, vasculitis
- Spondylolisthesis / spondylolysis / spondylosis
- Compression fracture of vertebrae Scheurman’s disease ( Adolescent kyphosis )
- Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine.
- Unilateral / bilateral cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or circulatroy deficit.
- Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s method.
- Degenerative Disc Disease.
- Presence of schmorl’s nodes at more than one level.
- Atlanto—occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
- Hemi vertebrae and / or incomplete block ( fused ) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block ( fused ) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine.
- Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation ( Complete or incomplete ) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation.
- Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist.
Detection of any disability in the course of a special test carried out prescribed for one service, may render the candidate unfit for any other service(s), if so considered as disqualifying by Medical Board.
Physical Conditioning : Prospective candidates are advised to keep themselves in good physical condition by following the under mentioned routine :
|a) Running||2 to 4 Km. in 15 minutes|
|c) Pushups & Sit-ups||Minimum 20 each|
|d) Chin ups||Minimum 08|
|e) Rope Climbing||3 to 4 meters|