**APPSC Assistant Executive Engineers Exam Syllabus 2016** – APPSC Assistant Executive Engineers Civil Syllabus | APPSC Assistant Executive Engineers Agriculture Syllabus | Andhra Pradesh PSC Assistant Executive Engineers Exam | APPSC Assistant Executive Engineers Exam Eligibility | APPSC Assistant Executive Engineers Exam Application Form

## APPSC AEE Paper – 1 Syllabus

**APPSC AEE Paper – 1 Syllabus 2016 :**

**Paper – 1**

**General Studies**

- Events of national and international importance.
- Current affairs- international, national and regional.
- General Science and it applications to the day to day life Contemporary developments in Science & Technology and information Technology.
- Social- economic and political history of modern India with emphases on Indian national movement.
- Indian polity and governance: constitutional issues, public policy, reforms and e-governance initiatives.
- Economic development in India since independence.
- Physical geography of India sub-continent.
**Disaster management :**vulnerability profile, prevention and mitigation strategies, Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in the assessment of Disaster.

- Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection.
- Logical reasoning, analytical ability and data interpretation.
**Data Analysis :**- Tabulation of data.
- Visual representation of data.
- Basic data analysis (Summary Statistics such as mean and variance coefficient of variation etc.,) and Interpretation.

- Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic, Social, Cultural, Political, and legal implications/problems, including
- Loss of capital city, challenges in building new capital and it’s financial implications.
- Division and rebuilding of common Institutions.
- Division of employees, their relocation and nativity issues.
- Effect of bifurcation on commerce and entrepreneurs.
- Implications to financial resources of state government.
- Task of post-bifurcation infrastructure development and opportunities for investments.
- Socioeconomic, cultural and demographic impact of bifurcation.
- Impact of bifurcation on river water sharing and consequential issues.
- Andhra Pradesh Re-organisation Act, 2014 on Andhra Pradesh and the arbitrariness of certain provisions.

## APPSC AEE Paper – 2 Syllabus

**APPSC AEE Paper – 2 Syllabus 2016 :**

**Paper – 2**

**Common for Civil and Mechanical Engineering**

**Strength of Material**

Forces, moments, Equilibrium; Applying the Equation of Equilibrium, Planar Trusses; Friction; Forces and Moments Transmitted by Slender members-shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams;

Mechanics of Deformable Bodies – Force–deformation – Relationships and Static Indeterminacy, Uniaxial Loading and Material Properties, Analysis of Statically Determinate and Indeterminate Trusses. Deflection of Statically Determinate Trusses.

Force – Stress – Equilibrium – Multi axial Stress and Strain and their relationship; Linear Elasticity – Material Behaviour – Stress-strain-temperature Relationships and Thin-walled Pressure Vessels. Thick Cylinders. Stress Transformations and Principal Stress, Stress and Strain Transformation, Theories of Failure.

Bending : Stress and Strains; Deflections – Pure Bending, Moment–curvature relationship. Deflection of statically determinate beams using Macaulay’s method, Moment-Area Method and Conjugate Beam Method.

Torsion; Energy Methods – Torsion and Twisting, Energy Methods.

**Fluid Mechanic and Machinery**

Basic principles of fluid mechanics – pascal’s Law, transmission & multiplication of force, basic properties of hydraulic fluids, density, specific weight specific gravity, viscosity and bulk modulus, continuity equation, Bernoulli’s equation, Torricelli’s theorem laminar v/s turbulent flows, static head pressure, pressure losses, hydraulic system; Fluid Statics – Hydrostatics, Fluid forces on planes and curved surfaces, submerged and floating bodies, Buoyancy and stability. Control Volume analysis; Basic laws – Mass conservation law, thermodynamic laws, Newton’s laws, Angular-Momentum principle; Flows in a pipes and channels – friction factor; Governing equations of fluid flows – continuity, Euler equations, Navier-stokes equations, internal flows; external flows, Flow separation;

Flow measurement devices – Gross measurement : Venturi meter, Orifice meter, notches and weirs, turbine flow meters, rotameters; Point measurement : pitot tubes, hot wire/film anemometer, their measurement principles and sources of errors; calibration, uncertainty estimation.

Hydraulic pumps-pumps flow and pressure, pump drive, torque and power, efficiency, types of pumps-gear, vane, piston; pressure compensated pumps, cavitation and aeration, velocity triangles, center-line thermodynamic analysis

Hydraulic Directional Control – Check Valves, Shuttle Valves, two-three and four-Way Directional Control Valves, Directional Control Valve Actuation

Hydraulic Pressure Control – Pressure Relief Valves, Unloading Valves, Pressure Reducing Valves, Sequence Valves, Counterbalance Valves, Pressure Compensated Pumps

Turbines – performance characteristics for low and high speed machines, center-line thermodynamic analysis, velocity triangles, hydraulic turbines – pelton, Francis and Kaplan turbine

**Paper – 2 Agricultural Engineering**

**Unit – 1 : Surveying and Leveling and Theodolite :**

Surveying – objectives, primary divisions, classification, principles of surveying units of measurement, difference between a plan and a map. Scales – representative fraction, types of measuring scales, degree of accuracy. Linear measurements – method of measurement of pacing, chains and their constructional details, chain types, folding and unfolding of chains, measuring tapes, instruments for chain survey. Ranging – chaining on flat and sloping grounds, chain and tape correction. Chain surveying – definitions, method of booking field notes, offsets, layout of off-sets, cross staff survey, obstacles in chaining, problems on errors in chaining. Computation of areas by planimeter. Compass survey – types of traverse, meridians bearing – types, designation of bearings, fore and back bearings, calculation of included angles from bearings. Description of prismatic and surveyor compass – method of using prismatic compass, magnetic declination, determination of true bearings from magnetic bearings, running a compass traverse. Local attraction – problems on correction of local attraction. Plane table survey – accessories of plane table, basic definitions, setting of plane table, orientation, methods of plane tabling.

**Leveling** – basic definitions, methods of leveling, classification of direct leveling. Instruments used in leveling – dumpy level, leveling staff. Temporary adjustments of dumpy level. Bench marks. Booking the staff readings – methods of reducing levels. Leveling difficulties and errors in leveling.

**Theodolite** – components and temporary adjustments of a theodolite – measurement of horizontal angles by direct method, repetition and reiteration method – measurement of vertical and deflection angles. Measurement of deflection angles, magnetic bearings of line – traversing by included angles – traverse computations and volume computations.

**Unit – 2 : Fluid Mechanics and Open Channel Hydraulics :**

Fluids – classification, properties and dimensions. Fluid pressure – measurement, manometry, classification of manometers. Fluid static force on submerged surfaces – total force on horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces, center of pressure and practical applications – kinematics of fluid flow – lines of flow, general types of fluid flow, equation of continuity, flow net boundary layer theory. Dynamic of fluid flow – various forms of energy in fluid flow, frictional loss, general energy equation, Bernoulli’s theorem, Euler’s equation of motion. Practical applications of Bernoulli’s theorem. Venturi meter, Pitot tube, orifice meter. Buoyancy Floatation – meta centric height. Flow through orifices and mouthpieces – vena contracta, hydraulic coefficient and their experimental determination. Flow over weirs and notches – classification, discharge measurement thorough rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal weirs, broad crested weirs, flow through pipes – laws of head in pipes, pipes in series and compound pipes, equivalent size. Open channel hydraulics, classification of open channels and definitions, most economical sections of regular cross sections, specific energy concepts – Critical depth, energy diagrams, velocity and pressure profiles in open channels, hydraulic jump – types.

**Unit – 3 : Soil Mechanics :**

Soil mechanics – definitions and relationships, Classification of soils – particle size distribution, sieve analysis, sedimentation analysis, stokes law. Consistency of soils – determination of liquid, plastic and shrinkage limits. Permeability – Darcy’s law, discharge velocity and seepage velocity, coefficient of permeability. Seepage of Soils – flownet properties and uses. Elasticity applied to soils – stress distribution, Boussinesq’s stress distribution theory, Isobar and pressure bulb, Vertical Pressure under uniformly loaded rectangular area, Comparison of Boussinesq’s theory with linear theory, Westergard’s theory. New mark’s influence chart, consolidation – process of consolidation relationship between void ratio and pressure, coefficient of volume change, time factor, settlement of soil. Compaction – introduction, factors. Shear strength – definition, Mohr’s circle, Mohr Coulomb failure theory, measurement of shear strength. Earth pressure – active and passive earth pressure, Rankine’s theory, slip circle method, Coulomb’s wedge theory. Design requirements of retaining wall. Stability of slopes – types of failure and remedial measures. Bearing capacity – Rankine’s analysis, Terzaghi’s analysis, general and local shear failure, plate load test.

**Unit – 4 : Electronics :**

Photo-electricity – photoelectric emission, laws of photoelectric emission, photo-tube and photo multiplier tube. Thermo electricity – Seebeck effect, Peltier effect, variation of e.m.f. with temperature, laws of thermo electricity, thermo couple, thermometer. Alternating currents – average value, r.m.s. value of A.C. circuits with resistance, inductance and capacitance, L.C.R. circuits resonance circuits, watt meter, A.C. frequency measurement, transformers. Electronics – types of emission, methods of heating, vacuum tubes, diode, space charge, diode characteristics, Child’s law of diode, rectifiers, half wave and full wave rectifiers, filter circuit types. Triode – action of grid, triode characteristics, tube constants, inter electrode capacitance, multi-electrode tubes, triode as an amplifier, classification of amplifiers. Metals semi conductors and insulators – N type, P type, germanium, P N junction diodes, junction triode transistors NPN and PNP.

**Unit – 5 : Fundamentals of Soil Science :**

Nature and properties of soil – soil genesis and classification. Soil clay and organic matter. Physical and chemical properties of soils. Soil fertility and its evaluation. Soil water relations. Acidic, saline and alkali soils and their management.

**Determinations of the followings :** Total soluble salts by EL method, available nitrozens, available P.K. chlorides by mohr’s method, sulphates, calcium, (ca + mg), sodium, potassium, computation of SAR, RSC.

**Unit – 6 : Strength of Materials :**

Introduction – units and dimensions – simple stresses and strains, elastic limit, compressive stress, tensile stress, principle of super position, stresses in bars of uniform tapering circular section, stresses in composite bars, elastic constants, primary secondary strains, poisson’s ratio, volumetric strain, bulk modulus, shear modulus, and their relationships. Principal stresses and strains – analytical and graphical methods. Strain energy and impact loading – strain energy stored in a body gradually applied, suddenly impact, shock load, proof resilience. Shear force and bending moment of beams – cantilever, over handing, simply supported, application of point load, uniformly distributed load. Bending stresses in beams – theory of simple bending, neutral axis, moment of resistance, section modulus, bending stress in unsymmetrical sections. Shearing stresses in beams – loaded beam, distribution of shear stresses, different sections. Deflection of simple beams – relation between slope, deflection and radium of curvature. Methods of determination of slope and deflection and radius of curvature. Methods for determination of slope and deflection – double integration. Macaulay’s method.

**Unit – 7 : Soil Physics :**

Dynamic properties of soils – bulk density, particle density, porosity, void ratio, volume expansion, soil consistency, soil compaction, soil strength. Soil texture, soil separates, particle size analysis, stoke’s law, derivation, it’s applicability and limits of validity. Classification of soil types, significance of soil texture, soil structure – definition, genesis, classification, evaluation of soil structure, indices of soil structure – methods of improving soil structure. Soil water, structure of water, properties of water, potential terminology, soil moisture potentials, soil moisture tensions, PF values, soil moisture constants, loss of soil water movement in saturated and unsaturated conditions, general flow equations, water infiltration into soil profile and its redistribution, infiltration equations, seepage and deep percolation losses. Soil temperature – thermal properties of soils, heat transfer in the soils, modifying the thermal regime of soils. Soil air-composition of soil air, movement of gases through soils, influence of aeration on plant growth, measurement of soil aeration. Soil air management. Physically problematic soils and their management.

**Unit – 8 : Fundamentals of Agronomy :**

Agriculture in India – definition of agriculture and agronomy, development of scientific agriculture, important events in Indian agriculture, important national and international institutes.

Agricultural meteorology – introduction, definition of meteorology, weather and climate and their importance in agriculture. Weather aberrations – inadequate and excess rainfall, unseasonal rains, cyclones, depressions, cold and heat waves, frost, hailstorms, hurricanes. Tornado. Drought and their effect on crop production. Weather forecasting – importance, types of forecasting, synoptic charts, weather forecasting organisations. Agroclimatic zones of Andhra Pradesh. Agricultural seasons in the state.

Tillage and tilth – objectives, characteristics of good tilth, types of tillage, preparatory cultivation, inter-cultivation, after-cultivation and preparatory cultivation for low land rice. Sowing – Methods of sowing – Time and depth or sowing

Crops and their classification. Manures and fertilizers – method and time of application, relationship between soil moisture and fertilizer application. Weeds – definitions, their influence on crop production, principles of crop weed competition, critical periods of weed competition in different crops, principles of weed management and methods of weed control. Crop water requirements – critical stages of irrigation in important crops, scheduling of irrigation, methods of irrigation and water use efficiency. Cropping systems – definition. Principles of crop rotation and mixed cropping. Problems of dry land agriculture and water shed management.

**Unit – 9 : Hydrology :**

Hydrology – definition, hydrologic cycle and its components. Forms of precipitation – rainfall, measurement and analysis, point rainfall analysis, probability analysis, determination of net effective rainfall, phi index. Runoff – components, factors affecting runoff, estimation of design peak runoff rates, rational method, curve number method, rainfall runoff relations. Hydrographs – components, factors affecting hydrographs, separation of hydrographs for simple and complex storms. Unit hydrographs – concept and derivation, conversion of unit hydrographs, superposition method, S curve method. Synthetic units hydrographs – Necessary and derivation, snyder’s method and applications, instantaneous unit hydrograph. Flood routing – introduction, basic equations, hydrologic storage routing, modified Puls method.

**Unit – 10 : Thermodynamics and Heat Engines :**

Basic concepts of thermodynamics – thermodynamic equilibrium, energy and forms of energy, heat and work, thermal capacity and specific heat. Ideal gases – introduction, laws of perfect gases. Specific heats of gases. Laws of thermodynamics – zeroth law, first law, thermodynamic processes based on first law, entropy, second law of thermodynamics, refrigerator & heat pump, reversibility and irreversibility, Carnot’s theorem. Gas cycles – efficiencies. Air standard cycles – efficiencies. Fuels types, calorific values of fuels, Bomb calorimeter, Boy’s gas calorimeter, properties of fuels, apparatus for determination of fuel properties. Combustion of fuels– combustion equations, carbon analysis, flue gas analysis, Orsat apparatus. Heat engines – E.C. and I.C. engines, classification of I.C. engines, principles of operation, S.I. and C.I. engines, two stroke and four stroke engines, valve timing diagrams. Testing of I.C. engines – IHP, BHP, air consumption, fuel consumption, air-fuel ratio, efficiencies, heat balance sheet. Reciprocating air compressors – working, work done. Horse power, volumetric efficiency, isothermal efficiency, multistage air compressors, inter cooling, condition for maximum power, P V diagrams. Formation and properties of steam, entropy of steam.

**Unit – 11 : Electrical Engineering and Farm Electrification :**

Basic electrical quantities – specific resistance temperature coefficient. Network theorems – Kirchoff’s laws, Maxwell’s loop method. Nodal analysis – superposition theorem, Thevenin’s theorem. Star delta transformation. D.C. generators – classification, lap and wave wound generators, E.M.F. equation of a generator, losses, condition for maximum efficiency, armature reaction, commutation. D.C. motors – maximum power, armature torque, shaft torque, speed regulation. Motor characteristics – series motors, shunt motors, compound motors. Motors starters. Farm electrification and load estimation. Transformers – introduction, working principles. A.C. motors – types of motors, starting torque, running torque, starting of induction motors. Types of single-phase motors

**Unit – 12 : Computer Programming in ‘C’ :**

Computers – introduction, types, generation of computers, input output devices, central processing unit, memory devices, processors, keyboard, printers, ‘C’ Language – introduction, importance of ‘C’ basic structure of ‘C’ programme, algorithms, flow charts, programming translation. Programming preliminaries and fundamentals – constants, variables, data types, operators and expressions, input and output in ‘C’ decision making and branching, decision making and looping, arrays, functions, common programming errors. Writing of complete programmes – programme on mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation, summation of series, quadratic equations, matrices addition, subtraction and multiplication, correlation and linear regression. Application of ‘C’ language for solving the problems related to agricultural engineering.

**Unit – 13 : Engineering Mechanics :**

Introduction – units and dimensions. Classification of force system – coplanar, collinear, concurrent, coplanar parallel forces, resolution of forces. Condition of equilibrium – action and reaction, free body diagram. Support reactions – types of supports, types of loading, finding reactions of simply supported, overhanging, roller and hinged beams, analytical and graphical methods. Analysis of perfect frames – types, reaction of supports of a frames – types, reaction of supports of a frame by method of joints, method of sections and graphical method. Center of gravity and moment of inertia – determination by method of moments, theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes, product of inertia. Friction – definitions, types, laws of friction, angle of repose, equilibrium of a body, analysis of ladder and wedge friction. Lifting machines – definitions, law of machine, study of important lifting machines. Virtual work – principle, units and applications.

**Unit – 14 : Refrigeration and Air Conditioning :**

Principles of refrigeration – units, terminology, production of low temperatures, air refrigerators working on reversed Carnot cycle and bell Coleman cycle. Vapour compression refrigeration – mechanism, PV, PS, PH diagrams, vapour compression cycles, dry and wet compression, super heating and sub cooling, Vapour absorption refrigeration system. Common refrigerants and their properties. Design calculations for refrigeration systems. Cold storage plants.

Air conditioning – factors of human comfort, equipment used in A/C cycle, classification of A/C system, winter, summer and central A/C system, design calculations for air conditioning systems.

**Unit – 15 : Mechanical Measurements and Instrumentation :**

Measurement and its significance – methods of measurement, instruments, classification of instruments, elements of a generalised measurement system, errors in measurement and their uncertainty. Detector transducer elements – introduction, primary and secondary transducers, classification, signal conditioning and data presentation elements, static performance characteristics of instruments. Measurement of pressure – introduction, types of pressure measuring devices, ranges and their application. Measurement of strain – introduction, strain gauge, resistance strain gauge theory, strain gauge circuits, strain gauges arrangement for the measurement of axial force, bending force, torque and pressure. Measurement of temperature – introduction, classification of temperature measuring devices, methods of measuring temperature, Measurement of sound – introduction, measurement of sound using microphones. Measurement of vibration – introduction, seismic transducers, types of accelerometers. Study of miscellaneous instruments – tachometers, stroboscope, proving ring, LVDT.

**Unit – 16 : Theory of Structures :**

Theory of structures – introduction, moment, slope, deflection equations and applications of propped, fixed and continuous beams, theorem of three moments. Stresses in thin walled vessels – cylindrical and spherical. Combined bending and axial thrust of columns – Euler’s formulae for long struts, practical applications, empirical column formula.

**Unit – 17 : Heat and Mass Transfer :**

Heat transfer – modes of heat transfer. Heat transfer by conduction – through tubes, composite tube section, plain and composite walls, overall heat transfer coefficient, critical insulation thickness, unsteady state heat conduction with known temperature distribution, with negligible internal thermal resistance, application of Heisler chart heat transfer by convection free and forced convection, determination of Nusselt’s number with dimensional analysis. Heat transfer by radiation – black body concept, Planck’s law, Stefan Boltzmann’s law, gray body, emissive power of gray body, emissivity, Kirchoff’s law, combined heat transfer coefficient, fouling factor, LMTD and NTU method of heat exchanger analysis.

Mass Transfer – molecular diffusion in gases, liquids and solids, unsteady state diffusion, convective mass transfer coefficients.

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