Civil Service Exam Mains – IAS Exam Mains 2014 Syllabus for History Paper I

Civil Service Exam Mains – IAS Exam Mains 2014 Syllabus for History Paper I – Paper II

Paper – I

1. Sources :

Archaeological Sources :

Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments

Literary Sources :

Indigenous : Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature.

Foreign Accounts : Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.

2. Pre – history and Proto – history :

Geographical factors; hunting and gathering ( paleolithic and mesolithic ); Beginning of agriculture ( neolithic and chalcolithic ).

3. Indus Valley Civilization :

Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.

4. Megalithic Cultures :

Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.

5. Aryans and Vedic Period :

Expansions of Aryans in India.

Vedic Period : Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.

6. Period of Mahajanapadas :

Formation of States ( Mahajanapada ) : Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas.

Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.

7. Mauryan Empire :

Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration; Economy; Art, architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature.

Disintegration of the empire; Sungas and Kanvas.

8. Post – Mauryan Period ( Indo – Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas ) :

Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture, culture, literature and science.

9. Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India :

Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration, economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhist centres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.

10. Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas :

Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.

11. Regional States during Gupta Era :

The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami; Polity and Administration, Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture; Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity and administration; Cultural aspects.

Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni, The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration; local Government; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society.

12. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History :

Languages and texts, major stages in the evolution of art and architecture, major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Science and Mathematics.

13. Early Medieval India, 750-1200 :

Polity : Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs.

  • The Cholas : administration, village economy and society.
  • “Indian Feudalism”.
  • Agrarian economy and urban settlements.
  • Trade and commerce.
  • Society : the status of the Brahman and the new social order.
  • Condition of women.
  • Indian science and technology.

14. Cultural Traditions in India, 750 – 1200 :

  • Philosophy : Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and Brahma – Mimansa.
  • Religion : Forms and features of religion, Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism.
  • Literature : Literature in Sanskrit, growth of Tamil literature, literature in the newly developing languages, Kalhan’s Rajtarangini, Alberuni’s India.
  • Art and Architecture : Temple architecture, sculpture, painting.

15. The Thirteenth Century :

  • Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate : The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success.
  • Economic, social and cultural consequences.
  • Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans.
  • Consolidation : The rule of Iltutmish and Balban.

16. The Fourteenth Century :

  • “The Khalji Revolution”.
  • Alauddin Khalji : Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures.
  • Muhammad Tughluq : Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq.
  • Firuz Tughluq : Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate, foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account.

17. Society, Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries :

  • Society : composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate, Bhakti movement, Sufi movement.
  • Culture : Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture.
  • Economy : Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non – agricultural production, trade and commerce.

18. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century – Political Developments and Economy :

  • Rise of Provincial Dynasties : Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids.
  • The Vijayanagra Empire.
  • Lodis.
  • Mughal Empire, First phase : Babur and Humayun.
  • The Sur Empire : Sher Shah’s administration.
  • Portuguese Colonial enterprise.
  • Bhakti and Sufi Movements.

19. The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century – Society and Culture :

  • Regional cultural specificities.
  • Literary traditions.
  • Provincial architecture.
  • Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.

20. Akbar :

  • Conquests and consolidation of the Empire.
  • Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems.
  • Rajput policy.
  • Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy.
  • Court patronage of art and technology.

21. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century :

  • Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
  • The Empire and the Zamindars
  • Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
  • Nature of the Mughal State
  • Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts
  • The Ahom Kingdom
  • Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.

22. Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries :

  • Population, agricultural production, craft production.
  • Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies : a trade revolution.
  • Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems.
  • Condition of peasants, condition of women.
  • Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth.

23. Culture in the Mughal Empire :

  • Persian histories and other literature.
  • Hindi and other religious literature.
  • Mughal architecture.
  • Mughal painting.
  • Provincial architecture and painting.
  • Classical music.
  • Science and technology.

24. The Eighteenth Century :

  • Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire.
  • The regional principalities : Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh.
  • Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas.
  • The Maratha fiscal and financial system.
  • Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat :1761.
  • State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest.

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Civil Service Exam Mains – IAS Exam Mains 2014 Syllabus for History Paper I

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2 Responses to “Civil Service Exam Mains – IAS Exam Mains 2014 Syllabus for History Paper I”

  1. S.Sankavai July 20, 2012 at 2:38 pm # Reply

    what is reference books for history

  2. hema verma October 13, 2012 at 7:54 pm # Reply

    respected sir. what is reference boks for history,public adeministration & philosophy with his writer name. please send me my email address. thanku

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